Securing your premises, be it your business property or your residential property, is of utmost importance. The advent of technology has facilitated us to have some peace of mind through various tools and gadgets. The surveillance system is one of the essential aspects of protecting our homes or business property. With an increase in crime rates, people have become more alert about making sure that their investment is safe from any kind of damage or theft. But it is also just as vital that you gain a thorough knowledge of pieces of equipment before putting them into use, so you do not make mistakes and end up making yourself more vulnerable than before.
Here is a compiled guide to help you get started on the CCTV security systems.
What is a CCTV?
A CCTV system or a closed-circuit television system is a highly sophisticated security camera system meant for surveillance to protect lives and properties.
The CCTV system comprises a) cameras, b) video recorders, c) display units, and d) footage storage options.
What is a CCTV Camera:
Cameras are the eyes in the security surveillance CCTV systems that capture pictures and transfer them to other devices like monitors for people to see what is going on remotely through live feeds. There are two types of CCTV cameras – analog and IP (internet protocol).
CCTV recording devices store captured footage from CCTV cameras for future reference. It is important to note that within a CCTV system, video recorders should be of the same make and model as other CCTV equipment for them to communicate successfully with each other through cables or wireless channels.
CCTV display unit:
It is where recorded CCTV footage can be viewed on a screen either inside an office, control room or at another location altogether, depending on how large one wants its CCTV monitoring station to be. The CCTV displays units are available in different sizes, so it’s best to know your needs before buying one.
Footage storage options:
The various footage storage options include local storage, solid-state storage, and cloud storage.
The local or internal storage is when the footage is stored on the SD card installed in the camera.
Solid-state network storage is external storage wherein the footage is stored in a hard drive such as one on a personal computer.
Cloud storage is the option wherein your footage is stored on a remote server. This could be used as a backup or the only storage choice.
Types of Cameras
Analogue CCTV cameras are older CCTV systems that are still in use. An analog camera has been around since John Logie Baird patented television technology in 1925. These CCTVs capture images using analog signals and record them onto magnetic tapes or DVDs, which can be viewed later for future reference. The only downside with these CCTVs is that the image quality tends to degrade over time when frequently used due to wear and tear of parts like lenses, processors etc., which leads to fuzzy or unclear images being captured by these cams. The good thing about kinds of CCTV cameras is that CCTV cameras are still the cheapest option available to people looking for affordable CCTV security systems.
IP CCTV cameras
IP CCTV cameras, however, have replaced analog types because, unlike their counterparts, they transmit data digitally through an Ethernet network rather than transmitting the analog video signal. This means there isn’t any loss of picture quality even if you view footage after a long time.
How does CCTV Camera Work?
A CCTV camera uses a cabling system to transmit video data.
There are two types of cabling used in surveillance cameras: coaxial cabling and twisted pair cabling.
Coaxial cables consist of an inner conductor, insulation dielectric material, shielding braid (which reduces interference), and then finally, the outer plastic sheathing that holds everything together. Coax is also known as “coaxial cable” or simply “coax” for short.
Twisted pair cabling consists of several insulated copper wires wrapped around each other so they can be bundled together inside one standard jacketing layer made out of rubber-like material called polyvinyl chloride (PVC). This type of cabling consists of a copper cabling core with additional layers of insulation and shielding materials.
It’s essential that your staff know how your security system works, especially if you’re planning on implementing something like 24-hour monitoring also, the number of cameras installed, the size and quality of digital footage captured as well as how much security is needed in a given area will determine what type of CCTV security monitoring equipment to purchase or use. You should also consider such factors as your budget restrictions because every CCTV camera comes with unique features that significantly affect the price.
To resolve all these queries, contact our team of professionals at CCTV monitoring. Our team will assist you in getting adequately equipped with this system as per your requirements.